51 Peetas of Durga Mata

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51 Shakti Peethas are the "Holy places of cosmic power".These shrines are consecrated to the Gddess Sati,the first incarnation of Goddess,Parvati.The legend is that,the great king Daksha Prajapati,an ancient creator god, was angry because his daughter Sati had married Lord Shiva against his wish and when Daksha entered the marriage ceremony,everyone stood up in respect,other than Shiva.

In Satya Yuga, Daksha performed a yagna with an intension of taking revenge on Lord Shiva. Daksha invited all the Gods to the yagna ceremony and did not invite Lord Shiva and Sati.However,Shiva allowed Sati to attend the Yagna,alogwith his escorts.Since Sati was univited guest,she was not paid any attension and was totally neglected by all.

Further,Daksha uttered insultings words for Shiva.Sati could not tolerate her husband's insult by her father. Sati,due to the unbearable insult,jumped in to the pyre and committed suicide.On hearing this tragic news,Lord Shiva became furious.Soon,he reached to the place of Daksha's yagna and destroyed the whole area.While Daksha was killed by Shiva's ganas.

In a disturbed state of mind,Lord Shiva carried Sati's body and started the tandav dance of destruction,all over the world .All the terrorised and worried gods, requested Lord Vishu to take necessary action.Immediately,Lord Vishnu,with his Sudarshan Chakra,severed Sati's body into 51 parts,so that Lord Shiva could return to his sanity and once again take up his duties.

Various parts of Sati's body fell at different places,across the Indian sub-continent,forming holy shrines of cosmic power.which became well known as Shakti Peethas.It is beleived that,at all Shakti Peethas,the Goddess Shakti is accompanied by Lord Bhairava,a manifestation of Lord Shiva.

Shakti Peethas

No. Place Part Shakti Bhairav
1 KanchiPuram Ornament on stomach Kamakshi Kal Bhairav
2 Sri Lanka Hand Indrakshi Naayanar
3 Naina,Pak. Eyes Mahishmardini Krodhish
4 Sugandha,Shikarpur, Nose Sunanda Trayambakeshwar
5 Amarnath,Kashmir Throat Mahamaya Trisandhy
6 Sri Lanka Hand Indrakshi Naayanar
7 Naina, Pak. Eyes Mahishmardini Krodhish
8 Sugandha,Shikarpur, Nose Sunanda Trayambak
9 Manas,Tibet Right Hand Goddess Bahula Bhiruk
10 Biraja,Orissa, Navel Girija/Viraja Jagannath
11 Nepal Temple Gandaki Chandi Chakrapani
12 Bahula,W.Bengal Left Arm Sunanda Trayambak
13 Ujaani,Bengal Right Wrist Mangal Chandika Kapilamba
14 Udaipur,Tripura, Right Leg Tripura Sundari Tripuresh
15 Bangladesh Right Arm Bhawani Chandra shekhar
16 Trisrota,W.Bengal L.Leg Bhraamari Ambar
17 Guwahati, capital of Assam Genital Organ Kamakhya Umanand
18 West Bengal, India Great Toe Rt Jugaadya Ksheer Khandak
19 Kalipeeth Rt. Toes Kalika Nakuleesh
20 Allahabad Hand Finger Lalita Bhava
21 Bangladesh L.Thigh Jayanti Kramadeshwar
22 West Bengal Crown Vimla Sanwart
23 Varanasi Earring Vishalakshi & Manikarni Kalbhairav
24 Tamil Nadu Back Sarvani Nimish
25 Haryana Ankle Bone Savitri Sthanu
26 Ajmer Two Bracelets Gayatri Sarvanand
27 Bangladesh Neck Mahalaxmi Sambaranand
28 W.Bengal Bone Devgarbha Ruru
29 M.P. Buttock (Left) Kali Asitang
30 M.P. Buttock (Right) Narmada Bhadrasen
31 U.P. Right Breast Shivani Chanda
32 Vrindavan,UP Ringlets of Hair Uma Bhutesh
33 Tamil Nadu Up Jaw Narayani Sanhar
34 Haridwar Lower Jaw Varahi Maharudra
35 Bangladesh L.Anklet Arpana Vaman
36 Andhra Pradesh Rt Anklet Shrisundari Sundaranand
37 Medinipur, West Bengal L.Ankle Kapalini (Bhimarupa) Sarvanand
38 Gujarat Stomach Chandrabhaga Vakratund
39 Pradesh Upper Lips Avanti Lambkarna
40 Nasik Chin Bhramari Vikritaksh
41 Rajamundry,AP Cheeks Vishweshwari Vatsnabh
42 Bharatpur L.Feet Fingers Ambika Amriteshwar
43 Hooghly,W.Bengal Rt Shoulder Kumari Shiva
44 Mithila,Nepal L.Shoulder Uma Mahodar
45 W.Bengal Feet Bones Kalika Devi Yogesh
48 Karnat Both Ears Jayadurga Abhiru
47 Bakreshwar eyebrows Mahishmardini Vakranath
48 Jessoreswari Palms Jashoreshwari Chanda
49 Attahas village Lips Phullara Vishvesh
50 Sainthia Necklace Nandini Nandik
51 Karachi Head Part Kottari Bhimlochan
52 Chhattisgarh Teeth Danteshwari Kapalbhairv

This stotra written by Adhi Shankara

Lankayam Shankari devi, Kamakshi Kanchika pure l
Pradyumne Shrinkhala devi, Chamunda Krouncha pattane ll

Alampure Jogulamba, Sri shaile Bhramarambika l
Kolha pure Maha lakshmi, Mahurye Ekaveerika ll

Ujjainyam Maha kali, Peethikayam Puruhutika l
Odhyane Girija devi, Manikya Daksha vatike ll

Hari kshetre Kama rupi, Prayage Madhaveshwari l
Jwalayam Vishnavi devi, Gaya Mangalya gourika ll

Varanasyam Vishalakshi, Kashmire tu Saraswati l
Ashtadasha Shakti peethani, Yoginamapi durlabham ll

Sayamkale pathennityam, Sarva shatri vinashanam l
Sarva roga haram divyam, Sarva sampatkaram shubham ll

Meaning

Goddess Shankari in Sri lanka, Kamakshi in Kanchipuram,
Goddess Shrinkhala in Pradyumna and Chamunda in Mysore

Goddess Jogulamba in Alampur, Goddess Brhamarabika in Sri Shailam,
Goddess Maha Lakshmi in Kolhapur and Goddess Eka veera in Mahur

Goddess Maha Kali in Ujjain Purhuthika in Peethika,
Goddess Girija in Odhyana and goddess Manikya in the house of Daksha,

Goddess Kama rupi in the temple of Vishnu, Goddess Madhevaswari in Allahabad,
The flame gving Goddess in Jwala muki and Mangala Gouri in Gaya.

Goddess Visalakshi in Varanasi, Goddess Saraswathi in Kashmir,
Are the 18 houses of Shakthi, which are rare even to devas.