Ganapati Atharvashirsha

Shri Ganapati Atharvashirsha,which is also referred to as 'Ganapati Upanishad', was written by Atharva Rishi who had Ganpati Darshan. It is a vedic religious text dedicated to the God Ganesha.

It is a late Upanishad that celebrates Ganesha as the embodiment of the ultimate Brahman.It is assumed that it was written somewhere in the sixteenth or seventeenth century A.D.

Ganapati Atharvashirsha Transliteration

Om Namste Ganpataye ll
Tvameva Pratyaksham Tatvamasi ll
Tvamev Kevalam Kartaasi ll
Tvamev Kevalam Dhartaasi ll
Tvamev Kevlam Hartaasi ll
Tvamev Sarvam Khalvidam Bramhaasi ll
Tvam Saakshad Aatmasi Nityam ll 1 ll

Hritam vachmi ll Satyam vachmi ll 2 ll

Ava tvam Maam llA va Vaktaaram ll Ava Shrotaaram ll
Ava Daataaram llAva Dhaataaram || Avanuchanavamava Shishyam ll
Ava Paschaataat ll Ava Purastaat ll Avo Uttaraataat ll
Ava Dakshinaataat ll Ava chordhvaataat ll Ava Dharaataat ll
Sarvatomaam Pahi Pahi Samantaat ll3ll

Tvam Vangmayastvam Chinmayaha ll
Tvam Anandmayastvam Bramhamayaha ll
Tvam Sachitananda Dvitiyosi ll
Tvam Pratyaksham Bramhasi ll
Tvam Jnanmayo Vijnanamayosi ll 4 ll

Sarvam Jagadidam Tatvo Jayate ll
Sarvam Jagadidam Tatvastishthati ll
Sarvam Jagadidam Tvay Layameshyati ll
Sarvam Jagadidam Tvayi Pratyeti l
Tvam Bhumi Rapo Nalo Nilo Nabha ll
Tvam Chatvarim Vak Padaini ll 5 ll

Tvam Guna Traya Atitaha Tvam Avasthatreya Atitaha ll
Tvam Deha Treya Atitaha ll Tvam Kala Treya Atitaha ll
Tvam Muladhar Stiti Yosi Nityam ll
Tvam Yogino Dhayayanti Nityam ll
Tvam Bramha, Tvam Vishnustvam, Rudrastvam,
Indrastvam Agnistvam, Vayustvam Suryastvam,
Chndramastvam Bramha Bhur Bhuva Svorom ll 6 ll

ll Ganadim Purvamuccharaya Varnadim Tada Nantaram ll
Anusvara Paratarah ll Ardhendu Lasitam ll Taren Hridam ll
Etatva Manu Svarupam ll Gakarah Purva Rupam ll
Akaro Madhyam Rupam ll Anu Svaraschantya Rupam ll
Bindu Ruta Rupam ll Nadah Sandhanam ll
Sa Hita Sandhih ll Sesha Ganeshvidhya ll
Ganak Rishi Nichrud Gayatri chandah ll
Ganpatir devata ll Om 'GUNG' Ganpataye Namah ll 7 ll

ll Ek Dantaya Vid Mahe vakra Tundaya Dhimahi ll
Tanno Danti Prachodayat ll 8 ll ll Ek Dantam Chatur Hastam Pashmam Kusha Dharinam ll
Radamch Vardam Hastair Bhi Bhranum Mushaka Dhvajam ll
Raktam Gandhanu Liptangam Rakta Pushpaihi saupujitam ll
Bhaktanu Kampinam Devam Jagat Karnam Achutam ||
Avir Bhutam Cha Shrasta Yadao, Prakruthe Purushat Param ll
Evam Dhayayati Yo Nityam, Sa Yogi Yoginam Varah ll 9 ll

|| Namo Vrat Pataye, Namo Ganapataye ll
Namo Pratham patye, Namste Stu Lambodaraya
Ekdantaya, Vighna Nashine Shiv Sutaya,
Shri Varad Murtiye Namo Namah ll 10 ll

Etadatharvashirsham yoadhite ll
sa brahmabhuyaya kalpate ll
sa sarvatah sukhamedhate ll
a sarva vighnernabadhyate ll
sa panchamahapapatpramuchchate ll
Sayamadhiyano divasakrutam papam nashayati ll
prataradhiyano ratrikrutam papam nashayati ll
sayamprataha prayumjano apapo bhavati ll
sarvatradhiyanoapavighno bhavati ll
dharmartha kamamoksham cha vindati ll
idam atharvashirshamashishyaya na deyam ll
yo yadi mohaddasyati sa papiyan bhavati ll
sahasravartanan yam yam kamamadhite ll
tam tamanen sadhayet ll11ll

anen ganapatimabhishintati sa vagmi bhavati ll
chaturthyamanashnan japati sa vidyavan bhavati ll
sa yashovan bhavati ll
ityarthavarnavakyam brahmadyacharanam
vidyat na bibheti kadachaneti ll12ll

Yo durvakurairyajati sa vaishravanopamo bhavati ll
yo lajairyajati sa yashovan bhavati ll
sa meghavan bhavati ll yo modak sahastren yajati,
sa vanchitfalamovapnati ll yah sajyasamidbhiryajati
sa sarvam labhate sa sarvam labhate ll13ll

Ashtao brahmanan samyaggrahyitva surya varchasvi bhavati ll
suryagrahe mahanadyam pratimasannidhao va japtva siddhamantrao bhavati ll
mahavighnat pramuchyate ll mahadoshat pramuchyate ll
maha papatpramuchyate ll sa sarva vidbhavati sa sarva vidbhavati ll
ya evam ved ityupnishad ll14ll

Aum sahanavavatu ll sahanao bhunaktao ll
sahaviryakaravavahai ll
tejasvinavadhitamastu ma vidvishavahai ll
Aum bhadram karnebhih shrunuyamdevah ll
bhadrapashyemakshabhiryajatrah ll
sthirairangaistushtuvansastanubhih ll
vyashem devahitam yadayuh ll
Aum swastinoindro vruddhashravah ll
swastinah poosha vishvavedah ll
swastinastarkshyao arishtanemih ll
swastino bruhaspatirdadhatu ll Aum shantih l shantih l shantih
ll iti shri Ganapatyatharvashirsham samaptam ll

Meaning

0 Lord Ganesha ! You are the only visible manifestation of the Essence of the words.You are the only Doer. You alone are the Creator and the Sustainer of the universe.Only you are the Destroyer.You alone are everything in the creation, because You are Brahman. You are the Eternal Atman in bodily form. I am speaking the scriptural truth.I am speaking the truth of my knowledge.

0 Lord Ganesha ! please safeguard me, safeguard the speaker, safeguard the listener, safeguard the giver, safeguard the sustainer, safeguard the one given to study, safeguard the disciple, safeguard from east,west,south,north and from all the sides.

You are the embodiment of speech. You are the bliss absolute. You are the embodiment of all the powers of Brahman. You are existence - knowledge bliss and one without the second.You are manifested Brahman. You are the embodiment of scriptural knowledge and the immediate knowledge of oneself.

O Lord Ganesha ! This whole universe has emergrd from you. This whole world rests on you. This whole world is coming to you. You are the earth, water, fire air and space. You are the four arms of speech.

O Lord Ganesha ! You are beyond Satwa, Rajas and Tamas(the three gunas ). You are beyond Gross, Subtle and Causal(the three bodies), You are beyond waking, dreaming and deep sleep(the three conditions). You are beyond the past, present and future(three periods of time).

O Lord !all the three powers of creation, sustenance, and destruction are within you.Thus, you exist in every being at the place called 'Muladhara'. Yogis devoted to Sakti-upasana constantly meditate on You (as Lord of these powers).

0 Ganesha !! You are (the Trinity) Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesa. You are Indra, You are fire and air. You are the sun and the moon, You are Brahman. You are (the three worlds) Bhuloka, Antariksha-loka, and Swargaloka, You are Om. (that is to say. You are all this).

One should first utter the first syllable g in the word 'gan' followed by 'a' the first of alphabets, add an : (a nasal m indicated by a dot above the line). then adorn it by a crescent (also a nasal), prefix Om to it. And this represents (0 Lord Ganapati !) Your terrestrial form endowed with gunas.

This is Ganesha - Vidya. The inspired sage behind this is Ganaka. Nicrt-gayatri is its metre. Ganapati is the Deity (of this mantra). Om Gam ! My salutations to Lord Ganapati." We have heard about Ekadanta; we meditate on Vakratunda. May the Danti inspire us (to meditate).

"One who constantly meditates on Him, Who has one (right) tusk. Who has four hands. Who holds a noose (in His upper right hand) and a goad (in the left). Who holds a delightful thing in His (lower left) hand, Who has held the fingers of His (right lower) hand in a posture bestowing the blessing.

Whose banner bears the insignia of knowledge.Who is red in colour. Who is pot-bellied, Whose ears have the form of scuttle. Who has worn red clothes. Whose body is smeared with red sandle paste, Who is adored with red flowers. Who is compassionate towards His devotees.

Who is self-effulgent. Who has manifested even before the beginning of the world as the One beyond Prakrit! and Purusha, (Purushottama)-the Yogi who thus meditates on Him is the best among the Yogis.

My salutations to Vratapati, my salutations to Ganapati, My salutations to Pramathapati. My salutations to Lambodara, Ekadanta, Vighnanasin, Shiva-suta, and salutations again and again to Varadamurthi.

Whoever meditates on this Atharva-shirsha becomes fit to become Brahman. He gains happiness everywhere. He is not tormented by any of the obstacles. He becomes free from (all sins including) the five great sins.

One who chants this in the evening destroys all sins committed during the day. One who chants this in the morning destroys all sins committed during the night. The one who chants both in the morning and evening becomes sinless.

One who chants everywhere (and all the time) encounters no obstacle, and gains all the four types of human accomplishments, viz. religious merit (Dharma), wealth (Artha), desired objects (Kama), and liberation (Moksha).

This atharva-shirsha should not be taught to an unqualified student. He who does so due to any temptation will incur sin. May one achieve the fulfilment of all of his desires by repetition of this thousand times.

One who bathes Ganapati by this Atharva-shirsha becomes a renowned orator (in due course). One who fasts and practises Japa-yoga on the fourth day of lunar fortnight, gains knowledge.

Thus says Atharvana -

One should know Brahman, and Adimaya along with its veiling power. (Then) he has nothing to fear at any time. He, who worships (Lord Ganapathi) with blades of Durva-grass becomes as rich as the God of wealth, Kubera.

He, who worships with parched grain, becomes famous and successful; he becomes a very intelligent person. He who worships with thousands of modakas. gets his cherished desires fulfilled. One, who performs sacrifices by offering wood together with ghee as oblation, gets everything. He gets every- thing.

One, who makes eight good natured persons proficient in Atharva-shirsha becomes as glorious as the Sun. By undertaking this Japa during the solar eclipse, or by sitting on the banks of sacred rivers, or by sitting in front of an idol (of Ganapati), a Sadhaka gets whatever that is promised in these mantras.

(In particular) he becomes free from obstacles, free from all defects and free from all sins. He (who has this knowledge) becomes all-knower. He becomes all knower. Know this to be true. Thus, the Upanishad.