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India Independence Day


Celebration    The History     Vande Mataram Video   

Anthem Video     Ganesh Parade    Special     Indian Flag     Pictures

India got her independence,from British rule, on 15 th August 1947.At the strike of midnight of the August 15, 1947,India shook off the shackles of British Rule and became free. It was a night of celebration all over the country.Independence Day of India is celebrated to commemorate her independence from British rule and its birth as a sovereign nation in 1947.Independence Day is an occasion to rejoice in our freedom and to pay collective homage to all those people,who sacrificed their lives to the cause.

All over India,the flag-hoisting ceremonies are conducted by the government and other offices and also by the residents of all the localities.In the major cities,the government office buildings are illuminated with colourful lights.India Gate at Dehli,is the center of attraction and a nice place to hang out in the evening of Independence Day,as the structure is attractively illuminated.The sky in filled with kites of various shapes and colors.

New Delhi,the capital city of India,celebrates the major event,where the Prime Minister hoists the national flag at the Red Fort(Laal Killah)and delivers a speech which is telecast all over the country.The speech consists of highlights of the achievements of its government till the date and  the plans of the further  developments.On behalf of the nation,the Prime Minister pays his tribute to the freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives for the country.The day also marks the coming together of the states into one nation-India.This was probably our greatest diplomatic success.

Indian Flag

The Indian national flag symbolizes freedom.It is a horizontal rectangular and tricolour (Tiranga), consisting of deep saffron (Kesari) at the top,white in the middle and dark green at the bottom.The colours are in equal proportions.The ratio of the length to the width of the flag is three is to two.In the centre of the white band, there is a wheel in navy blue colour,called 'Ashok Chakra'.The diameter of the chakra is almost the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes.

The colour,saffron stands for courage, sacrifice and the spirit of renunciation.The white,for purity and truth. The green for faith and fertility.'Ashok Chakra' is a Buddhist symbol dating back to 200th century BC.The 24 spokes symbolises that there is life in movement and death in stagnation.

The design of the National Flag of India was adopted by India's constituent assembly on 22nd july, 1947. The use of the national flag and it's display are regulated by a code.As per the Indian law there is a severe punishment for misusing or insulting the national flag in anyway.

"Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we will redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure,but very substantially.At the stroke of the midnight hour,when the world sleeps,India will awake to life and freedom.A moment comes,which comes but rarely in history,when we step out from the old to the new,when an age ends and when the soul of a nation,long suppressed, finds utterance.We end today a period of ill fortune,and India discovers herself again."
                                                        - Jawaharlal Nehru
                      (Speech on Indian Independence Day, 1947)


On August 15,the Prime Minister of India hoists the Indian flag on the historical site, Red Fort(Laal Killah),Delhi.This ceremony is shown live, all over ,on Doordarshan-the National Channel and also on many other News Channels of India.The hoisting of national flag and cultural programs take place in all the parts of India.

The politicians celebrate in their indivisual constituencies and in the private organisations the flag hoisting is carried out by the senior authorities.In Schools and colleges flag hoisting ceremonies and various cultural programmes are organised.The inhabitants of the country,wear national dress to show their patriotism towards the nation.

August 15, 1947, a red-letter day for the Indians, is celebrated with great fanfare and show, across the length and breadth of India. The day, which is a national holiday, is dedicated to all those brave freedom fighters who fetched India her due respect and the much desired independence from the British rule. People in the country honor them, for sacrificing their lives for the freedom of their motherland.

The day is celebrated by hoisting national flag,conducting parades, flying kites and organizing cultural activities in educational institutions.If you want to know all about the history of Independence Day, then go through the following lines.

History of Independence Day

The East India Company,with the Governor General as its head, ruled the subcontinent until the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857,then the Crown took over the administration, with the Viceroy served as its representative.

In the 20th century,many leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru,Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel arised,who were associated Mahatma Gandhi and his doctrine of non-violence.Later the "Quit India Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement, Khilafat Movement and Gandhi's Dandi March" led to the freedom of India.

At the stroke of midnight, as India moved into August 15, 1947, India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, read out the decisive speech, proclaiming India's independence from the British Empire. The moment ended three centuries of British rule over India.The land was no longer the summer retreat of British sahibs.Independence Day was the sole national festival until 1950,when India declared itself a republic.

Independence ended the century of struggle for freedom, battles and sacrifices.However,for many people the partition between India and Pakistan was a painful reality and so was the bloodshed that accompanied it.

Special Pictures

Celebration of 1 st Independence day

Special Information

The name 'India' is derived from the River 'Indus'.The early settlers- Aryans, hadoccupied the valley around it and they referred to the river Indus as 'Sindhu'.India is the largest democratic and the 7th largest Country in the world.It is one of the most ancient civilizations.India never invaded any country in the past 1 Lakh years of her history.

The game of Chess ,studies of Algebra,Trigonometry and Calculus originated in India.In 100 B.C.The 'Place Value System' and the 'Decimal System' were developed in India.The world's first university was established in Takshila in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects.

The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education. 13th century,the game of Snakes & Ladders was conceived by the  poet saint Gyandev,which was originally called 'Mokshapat'.The ladders and snakes  were the symbol of virtues and vices respectively.It also had the moral sense that the good deeds take to heaven and evil to a cycle of re-births.

The Indian Mathematician Budhayana explained the concept of the Pythagorean Theorem.He discovered this in the 6th century, long before the European mathematicians.

The Vishnu Temple in the city of Tirupathi built in the 10th century, is the world's largest religious pilgrimage destination. Larger than either Rome or Mecca, an average of 30,000 visitors donate $6 million (US) to the temple everyday.

Sushruta is regarded as the Father of Surgery. Over2600 years ago Sushrata & his team conducted complicated surgeries like cataract, artificial limbs, cesareans, fractures, urinary stones, plastic surgery and brain surgeries. Usage of anaesthesia was well known in ancient Indian medicine. Detailed knowledge of anatomy, embryology, digestion, metabolism,physiology, etiology, genetics and immunity is also found in many ancient Indian texts.

India has the largest number of Post Offices in the world.India has the world's highest cricket ground in Chail,Himachal Pradesh,built in 1893 and about 2500 meters above sea level.The largest employer in India is the Indian Railways,employing over a million people.Martial Arts were first created in India, and later spread to Asia by Buddhist missionaries.

Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind.The Father of Medicine, Charaka,consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago. Bhaskaracharya rightly calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the Sun.

The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10*53 (i.e. 10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5000 B.C.during the Vedic period.Even today, the largest used number is Terra: 10*12(10 to the power of 12).Jews and Christians have lived continuously in India since 200 B.C. and 52 A.D. respectively.Sikhism originated in the Holy city of Amritsar in Punjab.Famous for housing the Golden Temple, the city was founded in 1577.

India provides safety for more than 300,000 refugees originally from Sri Lanka, Tibet, Bhutan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who escaped to flee religious and political persecution. His Holiness, the Dalai Lama, the exiled spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhists, runs his government in exile from Dharmashala in northern India.

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